Diabetes can have several effects on the feet due to the potential damage it can cause to the nerves and blood vessels. Here are some common effects of diabetes on feet:
1. Perifériás neuropátia
Diabetes can lead to peripheral neuropathy, which is nerve damage that typically affects the feet and legs. This condition can cause numbness, tingling, or a loss of sensation in the feet. As a result, individuals with peripheral neuropathy may not be able to feel pain or temperature changes, making them more susceptible to injuries and infections.
2. Foot ulcers
Due to reduced sensation and poor circulation, people with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing foot ulcers. These are open sores or wounds that can occur on the feet and are often slow to heal. Foot ulcers can be caused by minor injuries or pressure points that go unnoticed due to neuropathy. If left untreated, ulcers can become infected and lead to more serious complications.
3. Rossz keringés
Diabetes can affect blood vessels, leading to reduced blood flow to the feet. Poor circulation can impair the body’s ability to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the tissues, making it difficult for wounds to heal and increasing the risk of infections.
4. Charcot foot
Charcot foot is a condition characterized by weakening and deformity of the foot due to nerve damage. It can cause the bones in the foot to fracture or collapse, leading to changes in the foot’s shape and structure. Charcot foot is often accompanied by swelling, redness, and warmth in the affected area.
5. A fertőzések fokozott kockázata
Nerve damage and poor circulation in the feet can make individuals with diabetes more prone to infections. Even minor cuts, blisters, or ingrown toenails can become serious infections if not properly treated. In severe cases, infections can spread to the bone and lead to complications such as cellulitis or osteomyelitis.
In the most severe cases, untreated foot ulcers, infections, or complications like Charcot’s foot can lead to the need for amputation. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of non-traumatic lower limb amputations.
It is crucial for individuals with diabetes to take proper care of their feet to prevent these complications. Regular foot inspections, maintaining good blood sugar control, wearing appropriate footwear, keeping the feet clean and moisturized, and seeking prompt medical attention for any foot issues are important steps in preventing and managing diabetes-related foot problems. Consulting with a healthcare professional or a specialist in foot care is essential for proper guidance and management of foot health in diabetes.
Kapcsolódó termékek linkjei: https://www.aideastep.com/diabetes-insole/.